If you're looking for Selenium alternatives for web testing, you may be surprised that several valuable options are available. We've compiled a list of 10 alternatives to Selenium with some of the benefits and features that make them worth looking at. But before we jump into the nitty-gritty of each of the Selenium alternatives, let's cover the basics.
What is Selenium?
Selenium is a suite of web testing tools that combine multiple software tools geared for automation testing. It is open-source and works as an API for browser automation. Known as a go-to for web testing, Selenium is a leader in the QA testing realm.
Selenium makes it possible for test teams to create customized test automation scenarios that cater to various browsers and scripting languages. It offers autocomplete functions, single-click recording, and playback and has test choices scaled to various ability levels. Selenium also has some excellent advantages as a test automation tool.
Advantages of Selenium
When a testing tool becomes popular, it's for a good reason. If you look at some of the top benefits of the Selenium testing tool, it's clear why some QA teams are not interested in Selenium alternatives;
Selenium is an open-source testing tool, so it's free.
Selenium supports multiple programming languages.
It supports cross-browser testing.
Users can perform functional testing on various operating systems, including Windows, Mac, iOS, Linux, and Android.
It is compatible with most browsers, including Chrome, Safari, Mozilla, and Opera.
Selenium can be integrated with frameworks like NUnit, TestNG, and JUnit to manage test cases and generate reports. And yet, there's still a need to find alternatives to Selenium.
With all the apparent benefits of Selenium as part of a testing framework (and its popularity!), why would test engineers look for Selenium alternatives?
Selenium Testing is Not Always Enough
Although Selenium continues to be a popular test automation tool, it can miss the mark for several reasons:
It requires a higher level of development skill to write test code, which can become costly.
Selenium can only test web applications leaving a gap in mobile, desktop, and independent application testing.
Selenium tests are known for being unsteady. As new Selenium libraries are released to fix bugs, initial tests tend to weaken.
Maintenance can slow the process down and cause bottlenecks.
The Selenium IDE runs relatively gradually.
Since it's over 16 years old, there are many dead surfaces in the codebase, making it challenging to navigate.
Applications have become increasingly sophisticated and intricate in recent times, and Selenium has not adapted well to the advances, making it challenging to execute tests that are more refined.
Because of its low-level API, Selenium test maintenance is a challenge. It makes it challenging to deal with page screenshots, error capturing, and element locators.
Although load testing is possible with Selenium, it requires additional knowledge to set it up.
It is not possible to do visual and layout testing with Selenium.
Because of these limitations, some testers are looking for alternatives.
Selenium Alternatives You Should Try
Here are some alternative test automation tools to consider as alternatives to Selenium.
#1. Katalon Studio
Katalon Studio is a test automation solution for web, API, desktop, and mobile app testing. It is built on top of Appium and Selenium frameworks. It allows testers to design, create, run and manage automated test cases efficiently without the technical complexities typically experienced in open-source frameworks.
Benefits of Katalon Studio:
It is quick - Katalon automated testing tool provides a user-friendly interface with several pre-built test scripts and templates.
A short learning curve - Katalon Studio is super easy to learn, so it will work for test teams with minimal coding skills. It is a ready-made framework with a built-in recorder and pre-defined testing methods so users can start functional testing with minimal effort.
It is flexible - Whether you are an experienced tester with advanced needs or a non-technical tester, Katalon Studio could work for you. For beginners or non-technical users, the keywords and recording capabilities help create test cases. The productive IDE is handy for advanced users to build tests with scripting methods.
Multi-testing environment - Katalon Studio supports testing on nearly every OS and mobile platform and testing across multiple browsers.
Seamless integration - Whatever you wish to integrate with, Katalon supports native plugins for various purposes, making it a valuable tool in any test automation framework.
You can start with the free Katalon option and then move to annual, per-user pricing plans.
If you are looking for the ultimate visual regression testing tool for web apps and websites, Screenster could be it. It gives you a cloud-based platform to run automated UI tests on. Whether you use it solely for integration tests or other functional tests, Screenster promises 10X more productivity than other alternatives to Selenium.
Benefits of Screenster:
Suitable to non-technical users - Users with limited coding abilities can write tests and become more productive by using Screenster for regression testing and other purposes.
Several interesting features - Screenster has several features not available with Selenium. For example, auto-correcting smart selectors and automatic timeout management tools.
Ideal for UI testing - Although Screenster is known as an excellent regression testing tool, it's also brilliant for UI testing. It covers every user interface characteristic with its automatic Visual Baselines and Content Verification. Screenster is also particularly suited to UI automation testing because of features like parallel test execution, coded and codeless tests, and self-healing tests.
A smooth learning curve - Users can refine tests and automate UI test cases in the cloud or on a local server in no time. Learning to use Screenster is smooth compared to Selenium.
Paid and free versions available - You can begin with a free version of Screenster, but if you're serious about test automation and especially in having a top regression testing tool, you should consider paid subscription options.
Free users only have read-only access to shared tests, while subscribers can edit and run tests shared with them.
Browsersync is an open-source tool with synchronized interactions. It is a valuable tool for cross-browser testing and web applications and works on various mobile and desktop browsers.
Benefits of Browsersync:
Cross-device testing made easy - It's easy to speed up testing and tuning with Browsersync by coordinating interactions and file changes throughout a range of devices.
Easy to integrate - If you use task runners and build tools like Grunt and Gulp, Browsersync could work for you as you can integrate it with minimal effort.
Remarkable features - Browsersync is compatible with various build tools. It has built-in file sync abilities that can be customized, synchronized navigation, and you can install and run it practically anywhere.
Works on slow internet connections - Even if the website is running on a slow connection, Browsersync will still work with a reasonable test execution time.
If you're looking for an alternative to Selenium webdriver that works well with different types of testing and you want to schedule regular testing in the cloud, Ghost Inspector could be a good option. It is a test automation tool as well as a monitoring tool. It is suitable for website testing, regression testing, UI testing, browser testing, and end-to-end unit testing.
Benefits of Ghost Inspector:
Feature-specific abilities - With Ghost Inspector, you can test a particular website feature, making it slightly more suitable for web testing than Selenium.
A handy import/export function - One of Ghost Inspectors' latest features is that users can export tests to other tools and then import them again.
Powerful features - Ghost Inspector's "Viewports" solution is a powerful tool to test responsive designs and sites. It is easy to manage tests and share them among test team members no matter how large the organization is.
Scriptworks offers a simple but elegant visual interface that allows manual testers to create scalable and reusable automated unit tests. It's an excellent option if you consider the continuous change demands of today's development landscape. It's available as a cloud-based solution, hosted, or installed on the premises.
Benefits of Scriptworks:
Architecture - You can instantly generate and run test code on any platform, your desktop, or in the cloud.
Interface - The Scriptworks browser-based user interface is simple and independent. Visual testing is a breeze with a simple drag-and-drop visual interface. You have the flexibility to create the most complex scenarios with ease. It takes minutes to develop simple acceptance tests.
Excellent visibility - As you create tests, the automation code is instantly generated so you can always see it. It helps you learn Selenium webdriver and code constructs as you build tests.
Suited to all skill levels - Whether you use the simple visual interface or write your own code, Scriptworks is an unparalleled tool. It allows testers of all skill levels to be productive without overcomplicating it.
You can start with a free trial and then a basic subscription. Scriptworks makes it easy to grow as your capability scales, making it relatively cost-effective in the long run.
Subject7 is one of the simplest Selenium webdriver alternatives. This automation platform makes test execution easy through a series of commands on a user-friendly interface. The commands do an excellent job of hiding the complexities of industry standards like Selenium and Appium by mimicking user actions.
If you're looking for a very basic way to catch test failures through automation without needing any technical skills, this is a top option.
Benefits of Subject7:
Perfect for non-coders - The most significant selling point of Subject7 could be that it does not require any coding skills at all or any technical ability to set it up and use it.
Simple but effective - Even though Subject7 makes test automation seem simple, it has several valuable features. It integrates with Jenkins, JIRA, and REST capable DevOps pipeline and uses open-source standards like Appium and Selenium to drive mobile and web without the complexities.
Only the cost of the most basic subscription is listed on Subject7's website, which is relatively high. For more advanced options, you have to get in touch with them.
#7. Perfecto Scriptless
Perfecto Scriptless is a cloud-based test automation solution for testing and monitoring web applications. It is yet another tool that uses all the advantages of Selenium without needing any coding skills. Perfecto Scriptless is pretty much Selenium, but without coding. It's ideal for web applications.
Benefits of Perfecto Scriptless:
No coding skills needed - As a test scenario is created, Perfecto Scriptless automatically generates the code.
Adaptable - Perfecto Scriptless has several noteworthy features. It is fast, low-maintenance, supports multiple platforms, and is DevOps-friendly. You can run tests in various environments on various platforms simultaneously.
Robust in a changing environment - The automated tests from Perfecto Scriptless are stable and unlikely to break, even if changes are made to apps while testing is underway. Perfecto Scriptless fixes and re-binds a broken test during runtime, which reduces maintenance costs during automation testing.
You can start with a free trial, and if Perfecto Scriptless works for you, move to one of the four subscription options on a monthly or annual basis.
#8. QA Wolf
If you're looking for a free and fast alternative to Selenium that's also great for team collaboration, QA Wolf could be it. It's a relatively new name in the automated testing realm but has been making waves since it was launched.
Benefits of QA Wolf:
No setup requirements - You don't have to install QA Wolf. It is a hosted solution and stores your tests in the cloud. It means that you won't have to do updates, and it's easy to share tests with your team.
A quick and clean user interface - QA Wolf runs smoothly in a browser-in-browser interface, so you can stay in one place as you create new tests. You will find everything you need to create and maintain tests in the QA Wolf dashboard.
Superior parallel testing - You can run tests 100% in parallel without having to wait hours for test results. QA Wolf runs each test in a separate space, running simultaneously.
QAWolf offers a free trial of 100 tests per month, but the company website does not clarify what pricing will be after the trial period ends.
This powerful and robust UI testing platform offers automated testing of web applications without coding across various platforms, browsers, devices, and operating systems. You can store and run your tests in the cloud and give users access to tests from anywhere.
Benefits of Endtest:
Test suite change tracking - There's an activity section in Endtest where you can easily keep track of changes made to test suites.
Multi-format-friendly - You can export automated tests in various formats, including Python file format and .exe.
The free Endtest trial ends after a week, after which you have several monthly and yearly pricing options to choose from.
#10. Robot Framework
Robot Framework is a test automation framework that consists of a suite of integration tools, 3rd party libraries, solid functionalities, etc. It uses a keyword-driven testing approach and is a firm favorite with behavior-driven development teams. One of the most significant differences between Robot Framework and Selenium is that it uses external libraries while Selenium is a library.
Ideal for acceptance testing - Robot Framework is widely valued and used in acceptance test-driven development.
It is independent - With Robot Framework, you can run automated tests regardless of the technology, application, platform, and operating system you use.
Simpler than Selenium webdriver - Instead of writing test scripts in code, they are written in English, making it a lot simpler to use than Selenium!
Feature-rich - Robot Framework offers high-level architecture, test libraries, a separate test data editor, detailed logs, clear reports, etc. It is originally written in Python, but recent versions also use Java.
Additional Selenium Alternatives
Besides our top 10 test automation tools, there are a few other options worth mentioning:
Testing Whizz - A codeless automation tool used for mobile, software, cloud, web, and web services testing. Testing Whizz supports cross-browser testing and provides a visual recorder to automate desktop applications etc.
TestNG - The TestNG automated testing framework is typically used for international testing, end-to-end testing, unit testing, and functional tests. It is flexible and supports data-driven testing.
HP UFT - Now called UFT One, HP UFT (Unified Functional Testing) is an automation testing tool used to test web-based and desktop applications. You can integrate it with test management tools like the HP Quality Center, which is impossible with Selenium. It also takes less time to create and maintain test scripts than Selenium.
IBM RFT - IBM RFT (Rational Functional Tester) is a tool used for functional testing, regression testing, data-driven testing, and graphical user interfaces.
Selenium is still a popular option for test automation, but several high-quality options are available if you are looking for an alternative. Whether you need testing tools for an open-source automation testing framework or you would be happy to pay for purpose-specific tools, there are many Selenium alternatives for web application testing.
Each tool has its own unique benefits, and many can perform tasks not possible for Selenium. For example, visual regression testing. Based on the information in this guide, you should be able to select the right tool for you to write test suites a purpose-fit tool for your project effectively.